Basic chemical aspects

This area covers several aspects.
Click on one of the topics below to obtain further information about it:

  • Practical significance of having a basic knowledge of physical and chemical properties
  • The Periodic Table
  • The Periodic Table and atomic structure
  • Aluminium in the Periodic Table
  • Alloying elements in aluminium alloys
    • Magnesium
    • Silicon
    • Manganese
    • Iron
    • Copper
    • Zinc
    • Chemical behaviour of aluminium


Aluminium atoms are very reactive because of their atomic structure. This is the reason why aluminium never occurs in the pure form in nature, but always as a compound with other elements, especially oxygen. Even industrially produced pure aluminium reacts immediately with air to form an oxide layer, which protects the metal against corrosion.

Aluminium can be alloyed with small quantities of other elements. The most important alloying elements are magnesium, silicon, manganese, iron, copper and zinc. It is possible to improve important mechanical properties of the metal in this way.