Joining: Riveting: Solid rivets
A one-piece joining element is used here; once the rivet has been inserted, the closing head is formed from the rivet shank by plastic deformation. Correspondingly, the components have to be accessible from both sides.
With all-aluminium constructions, cold-formed aluminium rivets are used almost exclusively. Hot-formed steel rivets are only used for joining aluminium and steel, when any negative effect of the heat from the rivet on the temper of the aluminium component is at most insignificant.